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Stunting in U5 kids drop a tad to 36% in 4 years: NFHS | India News

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The National Family Health Survey-5 national report was released by health minister Mansukh Mandaviya in Gujarat on Thursday. “The total wanted fertility rate in India is 1. 6 children per woman, compared with the actual total fertility rate of 2. 0 children,” the report says.
NFHS-5 fieldwork for India was conducted in two phases: Phase I from June 17, 2019 to January 30, 2020, covering 17 states and five Union territories, and Phase II from January 2, 2020 to April 30, 2021, covering 11 states and three Union territories.
A factsheet of NFHS-5 was released in November last year, when TOI had reported the data for different parameters, including fertility rate, institutional birth, gender inequities and others.
The level of stunting among children under 5 years has marginally declined from 38% to 36% in India during the last four years. Stunting is higher among children in rural areas (37%) than urban areas (30%) in 2019-21. Variation in stunting ranges from the lowest in Puducherry (20%) and highest in Meghalaya (47%). A notable decrease in stunting was observed in Haryana, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Sikkim (7 percentage points each), Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Manipur (6 percentage points each), and Chandigarh and Bihar (5 percentage points each).
Stunting is the impaired growth and development that children experience from poor nutrition, repeated infection and inadequate psychosocial stimulation.
The use of clean cooking fuel has improved to 59% of households in NFHS-5, as against 44% during the previous survey.
The fifth survey also showed improved sanitation facilities (49% to 70%), including handwashing with soap and water (60% to 78%). The survey was carried out by 17 field agencies and gathered information from 6,36,699 households, 7,24,115 women, and 1,01,839 men.
The survey underlines the prevalence of child marriages and early motherhood. It shows that 6. 8% of children in the 15-19 years age group have had a live birth or are pregnant with their first child. The trend is the highest in Tripura at 21. 9%, followed by 16. 4% in West Bengal and 12. 6% in Andhra Pradesh. None of these children are unmarried.
The report points out that female sterilisation continues to be the most popular modern contraceptive method.





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